PhD in Development Studies, International Institute of Social Studies, University of Rotterdam, 1988 and Habilitation ("Agregação") in Economics by Technical University of Lisbon (1995). He is Full Professor of Economics (Welfare Economics & Public Economics) at the School of Economics and Management, University of Lisbon. Researcher in the Research Centre of Economic and Social History (CSG/ISEG, ULisboa). Teaches macroeconomics of growth, social policy and development studies. His main research interests include economics of inequality, poverty and social exclusion, human needs, economics of welfare state and social policy analysis. He has published several books and book chapters on these topics, and also published in academic journals such as Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Review of Socio-Economics, Journal of Income Distribution. The most recent FCT research projects he coordinated were on History of Portugal Welfare State and on Absolute Poverty in Portugal supported on the construction of reference budgets. He has been supervisor of PhD theses on the above scientific domains. He was the coordinator of the PhD program in Development Studies since its creation until the academic year 2016/17.